Rome is the largest city in and the county seat of Floyd County, Georgia, located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 36,303. It is the largest city in Northwest Georgia and in in the top 20 largest cities in the state.
Rome was built at the merging of the Etowah and the Oostanaula rivers. Because of its strategic advantages, this area was long occupied by the Creek and Cherokee people.
The city has developed on seven hills with the rivers running between them, a feature that inspired the early European-American settlers to name it for Rome, the longtime capital of Italy. It developed in the antebellum period as a market and trading city due to its advantageous location on the rivers, by which it sent the rich regional cotton commodity crop downriver to markets on the Gulf Coast and export overseas.
Recently it has developed as a regional center in such areas as medical care and education. In addition to its public-school system, there are several private schools as well as state and private colleges.